The Danger of Ultraviolet Rays

A little sun exposure is good for you because that’s how your body gets vitamin D, which is essential for absorbing calcium to make your bones stronger. However, if you are exposed to too much sun, you will be at risk of skin damage, eye damage and skin cancer. That’s why it’s important to protect yourself from the sun when you go outside.

Sun exposure causes a number of changes to the skin, damaging fibers called elastin, causing the skin to stretch, sag, and lose its ability to return to its original place. Sun exposure can also cause skin discoloration, freckles, wrinkles, tumors and the expansion of small blood vessels under the skin. So that’s why some people who spend a lot of time in the sun seem to look much older than they really are. 

Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal skin cells. The sun is the leading cause of skin cancer and therefore it becomes the most common of all cancers. To some extent, preventing sun damage can effectively avoid most skin cancers. There are many different types of skin cancer, of which melanoma is the most dangerous. It can spread to other parts of the body and can be fatal if not caught early. It starts in the cells deep inside the epidermis, called melanocytes, which produce skin pigments. When these skin cells gather together, a mole is formed. If your mole has changed in color, size or shape, you should get it checked out by your doctor early. If the disease is caught early, it could be cured, but over time the cancer can spread to your blood vessels and affect your major organs, which can be fatal. 

From the above, it’s important to protect yourself from the sun. I’m sure you’re aware of the importance of sun protection and the serious consequences if you don’t care about skin health. So what’s the best way to protect your skin and reduce the risk of sun damage? First, it’s important to get into the habit of wearing sunscreen whenever you go outside. Make sure your sunscreen is at least SPF 30, and reapply it if you are swimming or sweating a lot. Also, don’t forget to wear sunscreen even on cloudy days, when the sun’s rays can penetrate through clouds and reach your skin.

It’s also wise to wear sun-protective clothing, such as lightweight long sleeves, pants, and hats. A good sun hat should have a wide brim to protect your face and neck from the sun’s rays. You may also want to find a hat with a chin strap or string. For example, a lightweight bucket hat uk features a wide floppy brim and a stretchable sweatband to make your head comfortable. Plus, get yourself a pair of high-quality sunglasses to protect your eyes from UV damage.

Finally, although sunscreen and sun-protective clothing can provide some protection, nothing is more comfortable than staying at home. You should avoid spending time in direct sunlight during the middle of the afternoon from 10 am to 3 pm, when the sun’s UV rays are strongest and you are at the highest risk of sunburn. 

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